Brief history of creation and development Android. Beautiful infographics from Mobile Madhouse portal are used as illustrations.
2003 year. October
It was in this year that Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White founded Android Inc. Itself Android at that time was only a vague concept, practically nothing like the OS we are familiar with. But, one way or another, the beginning was laid and many bitter disappointments and bright victories awaited the developers ahead.
2005 year. August
After unsuccessful negotiations with several other companies Android Inc. decides to join Google as a separate entity. As before, Andy Rubin remains its head. The first time Android is developed primarily for push-button phones and is a kind of analogue of Symbian. And only the announcement iPhone with a touch screen and a new type of interface, sharpened for finger control, will force developers to change their plans.
2007 year. June, November
This year marked the beginning of a new era in the world of mobile phones. On June 29, the company Apple introduced the first model iPhone. And six months later, on November 5, Google officially announced Android. Soon, fans of both brands will break more than one hundred copies in merciless battles, and analysts will sit down for clever treatises, trying at least in hindsight to explain the unexpectedly popularity of the new OS.
2008 year. September October
Almost at the very beginning of autumn, on September 23, version Android was released under number 1.0. A little later. On October 28, HTC introduced the world's first Android smartphone called HTC Dream. On the US market, he did not make much excitement, in our country he was even held in the hands of a few. Small step for casual buyers, but huge leap for mobile OS.
year 2009. April, September, October
This year has become one of the most eventful in the history of its existence Android. The 'green robot' grew literally by leaps and bounds, and loud announcements followed one after another. On April 30, Android 1.5 Cupcake was announced, Android 1.6 Donut was presented on September 15, and Android 2.0 Eclair was introduced on October 26. And already at the end of the second quarter, the share Android in the mobile OS market was 2.8%. For a green (both literally and figuratively) beginner – very good.
2010 year. May, December
For many, this year was the year of buying their first Android smartphone. Google continued to actively develop its OS, trying with all its might not only to attract, but also to retain new users. On May 20, Android 2.2 Froyo was released, on December 6 Android 2.3 Gingerbread was introduced to the world. By this time Android he almost completely got rid of all 'childhood diseases', from an unknown animal turned into a comfortable and thoughtful OS. This is clearly seen in its market share, which by the end of the year had grown to 33%.
In the same year, manufacturers are trying to release the first tablets running on Android 2.x. Considering that at that time Android was not originally intended for such devices, the quality of the final product was questionable. Maybe these tablets themselves weren't that bad, but they looked very pale against the background of the first Apple iPad.
2011. February, May, October
Perhaps the most controversial year for a 'robot'. Trying to keep up with Apple at any cost, Google took a number of controversial steps. On February 22nd, a special version Android for tablets was announced that could not be installed on smartphones. Unfortunately, both Android 3.0 itself and the first tablet running on it called the Moto Xoom were created in a huge rush. The result turned out to be rather ambiguous and did not gain much popularity among users. Nevertheless, the market share Android continued to grow steadily, and already in May it became 53%.
On October 19, Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich was announced – version Android, which had a completely updated interface and combined the best features of the 'telephone' branch Android 2.x and 'tablet' Android 3.0. But despite the fact that it was a big step forward for the system, not everyone liked the new 'space' interface style at first.
year 2012. May – June, September.
Remembering past mistakes, Google decided not to fly ahead headlong, but to carefully think over every step, systematically get rid of all the weaknesses of my OS. This year Android 4.1 Jelly Bean was released, which helped to get rid of the 'robot' from jams and achieve an impressive smoothness of the interface. At the same time, Google Now appeared, which would later become the basis for Android Wear. At the end of 2012 Android occupies 75% of the market.
year 2013. October, September
This July Google released Android 4.3 Jelly Bean, and on October 31st showed Android 4.4 KitKat. One of the most significant changes is the optimization of the 'robot' to work on budget smartphones with only 512 MB of RAM on board. On September 25th of the same year, Samsung introduced the Galaxy Gear, the world's first 'smart' watch running on Android. Like the first Android tablets, this device had a lot of different 'buts' and was more a demonstration of intentions than an application for serious success.
The market share Android at the end of the year amounted to 78.6%.
year 2014. March, October
This year can be safely called the year of smart watches. Google had a goal not only to prepare an adequate response to the upcoming watches from the company Apple, but to get ahead of the Apple company for the first time by being the first to present a device of a new type. This kind of race was attended by a variety of equipment manufacturers, including Samsung, Motorola and LG.
The search giant found the 'usual' Android to defeat the upcoming Apple Watch too little and a special version Android was presented specifically for the 'smart' electronics on March 18, called Android Wear. Whose version of “smart” watches will be more convincing, we will find out very soon. In the meantime, Android is doing very well, having already captured 84.7% of the market by the end of the second quarter of 2014.
In the same year Android 5.0 Lollipop was shown which is currently the most modern version Android of the OS. Google has radically redesigned the appearance of the 'robot' for the third time, making its interface not only as light and stylish as possible, but also simple and convenient even for users who are far from technology. The next step should be to increase battery life Android and further optimize this mobile OS. The other plans are kept secret by the company.